Create the Illusion of Texture With Paint

Whenever remodeling a room, keeping the texture of the walls interesting is always a challenge. It is possible to add drywall compound to a wall or use textural paint to create an interesting element in a room’s design. Another good option for adding texture to a room’s walls is faux painting. There are many techniques that look so real that one is drawn to touch them to test the surface and determine if it is really textured or just looks textured.

Paint with Texture: There are many different types of paint that can be applied to the wall that have a popcorn or sand like finish to them. These textural paints can be applied very simply by using a paintbrush or roller. Create even textures on the walls with strokes that are long and even taking care to not apply a thick layer of paint to one part of the wall while applying a thin layer to another part of the wall.

Textural Additive: Similar to textural paint is a textural additive. This affordable product is easily mixed into regular paint, and it can be found in various levels of texture ranging from rough and coarse to very fine. Make sure to test a small amount and then adjust accordingly.

Drywall Compound: To use drywall compound to create textured walls, apply it to the walls at about an eighth of an inch thick. Then create the desired texture in it while the medium is still wet. There are many different types of tools that anyone can use to create patterns and texture in the new wall. For example, cutting notches in a squeegee and dragging it across the wall creates a wavy line effect. Using an old whisk broom to lightly drag across the surface creates a linen effect on the wall. For a plaster look on the walls, mix drywall compound directly into the paint and apply it with a plaster knife.

Texture with Tools: Using a combination of paint, texture material and tools can create some really stunning wall finishes. One, for example, would be a Venetian plaster finish. Using a Milano plaster tool, simply add texture additives to the paint and mix well. Or create a wood grain look by finishing a wall with a wood grain tool that is simply dragged through a layer of wet glaze on the wall’s surface.

Faux Finishes: Two really good examples of simple faux finishes are ragging and sponging. To perform these techniques, paint the wall a base color, and then cover it with a coat of glaze. Now take a color a few shades darker or lighter and use a sponge or a rag to apply the paint to the wall. The glaze takes a little longer to dry, allowing ample time apply the design with sponges or rags.

Using Glaze: Glaze keeps paint from drying out quickly; this allows more time for it to be manipulated as desired. Just adding glaze on a wall brings interesting depth of color to the surface. Glaze can come in a clear or tinted finish, and for many custom looks, some of the wall paint will be added to the glaze creating a harmonious or contrasting color. Another option is to use glaze with a stipple brush to create a random stipple pattern on the wall.

Contributing editor for AmericanArtisanArt.com, Angela Glancy designer in her own right offers tips on displaying butterfly wall art and bird metal wall art.

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Hair Transplant Your Texture And Thickness Of Hair

Next, you will want to see about a consultation. This is the best way to find out if you’re a good Hair Transplant candidate. Here’s a secret, however, that not many people in Orange County know. If you have to pay for your consultation, you’re not getting a good deal. It’s true.
The best Hair Transplant clinics will offer consultations for no price. So this is another feature to look for. The consultation will assure you that the clinic is doing what’s best for your head, your skin type, and your texture and thickness of hair.
Finally, if you’re still unsure, ask other people you know in Orange County if they have ever considered a hair transplant. One out of every three people in California has suffered from some kind of hair loss. You’ll be surprised by how many people admit that they have. Better yet, you’ll be surprised by how many people have already visited a hair restoration clinic. Chances are that if they look great, they have visited a clinic that offers a natural Hair Transplant procedure that fits their own special head of hair.
The Purola Overnight Formula is one of the most significant developments to date in the thinning hair and hair care field. It contains the exact formula developed by Dr. Purola in her research studies conducted at the University of Helsinki in Finland and provides the hair follicles with the deepest cleaning possible. The hair dietary supplements provide the missing essential nutrients to the hair root promoting blood circulation.
What is strikingly obvious when one examines the scalp by this method is that follicular units are relatively compact, but are surrounded by substantial amounts of non-hair bearing skin. The actual proportion of non-hair bearing skin is probably on the order of 50%,16 so that its inclusion in the dissection will have a substantial effect upon the outcome of the Hair Transplant surgery. When multiple follicular units are used, and the skin is included, these effects may be profound.
If you are not proud of just how your natural eyebrows appear, you now have the opportunity to find a solution. You can do this by visiting a specialist who will be happy to give you a consultation session in order to go over your possible Hair Transplant options.
Midas Cosmetic Surgery or “Aesthetic Surgery’ is performed to reshape normal structures of the body. It may be to correct a minor deformity of a specific body part one is not happy about or to overcome the effects of aging, and look younger. Thus Cosmetic Surgery offers people a chance to enhance their appearance and self-esteem, leading to better lifestyle and productivity.

Midas Cosmetic Surgery or “Aesthetic Surgery’ is performed to reshape normal structures of the body. It may be to correct a minor deformity of a specific body part one is not happy about or to overcome the effects of aging, and look younger. Thus Cosmetic Surgery offers people a chance to enhance their appearance and self-esteem, leading to better lifestyle and productivity.

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What Is The Best E Cig Mod – Can You Quit Smoking Through Hypnosis?

What Is The Best E Cig Mod

If you’ve tried every way possible to quit smoking (pills, nicotine patches, gum, etc.), then perhaps hypnosis is an option to consider. The use of hypnosis to stop smoking has grown tremendously over the past few decades. And with a 66 percent (or more) success rate, it’s no wonder thousands of smokers try hypnotherapy to quit smoking. What Is The Best E Cig Mod

Hypnosis Facts

By definition, hypnosis is a mental state of extreme focus and heightened suggestibility. During a hypnotic state, the hypnotist will make suggestions to affect the individual’s habits, behaviors, perception and beliefs. The types of hypnosis include hetero hypnosis, self-hypnosis, naturally occurring hypnosis and waking suggestion. Hypnosis is often used for weight loss, to quit smoking, increase energy and focus, overcome a phobia, improve listening skills, and even to treat Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS). These are just a few of its uses…there are many, many others.


Beware of hypnotism ads that claim a 99-100 percent success rate. These so-called “hypnosis services” are actually inflating the numbers just to make a sale. The truth is that only a licensed hypnotherapist, utilizing the correct methods of hypnosis to help stop smoking, can realize the near 66 percent success rate. Multiple sessions are usually required before a person can be completely free of the smoking addiction. Therefore, it’s the quality of a hypnosis program as well as the extent of the hypnotist’s expertise that makes all the difference. What Is The Best E Cig Mod

Finding a Hypnotist in Your Area

Qualified, licensed hypnotists are not found on every corner, or in every city. In fact, you might have to dig deep to find the right person to help you quit smoking. Some hypnotists travel and offer sessions in each town for a limited time. Others set up practice in a city and will accept patients from all around.

You can use the Web to find hypnotherapists in and around your city. Type in keywords at Google, Bing or Yahoo! specific to your area or use a local online business directory. For instance, if you live in northeast England, type in keywords such as Newcastle or Newcastle upon Tyne, Gateshead, Sunderland, South Shields, North Shields or Durham. These will narrow your results to hypnotherapy services in your area. Check out the hypnotist’s credentials and how many people he has actually helped to stop smoking.

Keep an open mind about hypnosis. Although it’s not for everyone, you shouldn’t rule it out as an option. Do some research. Talk with others who have had success with hypnosis. Find out how the process works so you’ll know what to expect. If you really want to quit smoking without relapsing, a professional hypnosis program might be just what you need! What Is The Best E Cig Mod

After years of trying, I finally Quit Smoking!

Now I live healthier and still smoking … What Is The Best E Cig Mod

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A Textured Quilt – Three Easy Methods

Quilting alone isn’t the only way to add texture to your quilt. Manipulating the fabric and stabilizing it before you add it to your quilt can add visual interest. Imagine, for example, a solid color quilt with sections of differently textured fabric.
Three easy ways to add texture to fabric include gathering, pleating and crinkling. All of these methods require cutting a bigger piece of fabric than the finished size because all methods result in some shrinkage. Generally count on cutting a piece twice as big as what you need. Cut off the extra later, if any. And all will need to be stabilized, either by sewing it to another piece of fabric cut to your finished size, or by using iron-on interfacing. Before doing any of these fabric manipulations, always wash the fabric in hot water and don’t use fabric softener.

Gathering is simply running a straight stitch, by hand or machine, across the total length of the fabric and pulling up the stitches until you reach your final measurement. If you use a sewing machine, read your manual to find out how to do a basting or gathering stitch. Alternatively, you could zigzag stitch over a length of thread or lightweight yarn making sure you don’t catch it within the stitching. Then pull the thread to gather. You can run gathering stitches only along the edges of your piece and this would give you a lot of fullness in the middle. A better result would be to run a series of gathering stitches in parallel lines across your fabric. Or stitch randomly all over your fabric.

Pleating is very like gathering, only in a more regular format. To get a feel for how much fabric it takes to make your finished square, make a sample. Start by cutting a six inch square and an eight inch square. You then need to pleat the edges of your eight inch square enough to lose two inches of length. Fold the fabric along the edge, pinning as you go, until it fits along the edge of the six inch square. Do another sample with a six inch square and a 12 inch square and see how much extra pleating you need on the bigger sample. Pleats can be regular, say, ¼ inch pleats folded in the same direction, or of random width.

Crinkling is done by wetting down your fabric and twisting it until almost dry. Bind with string or yarn if necessary to keep it twisted until completely dry. Open out gently onto an ironing board, right side of the fabric face down, and flatten it as much as possible without losing the crinkles. With a piece of iron-on interfacing cut to your final size, iron it onto the back of the fabric. Once it’s cool your fabric won’t lose the crinkled effect.

These are just three ideas to add texture to your quilt or wearable art and they can be used for either a subtle or dramatic effect. Make some samples and see for yourself how easy it is to texture fabric.

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Modded Xbox 360 Console Red Light Error Repair Work – Permanent Fix

Xbox 360 is a videogame console designed and developed by Microsoft Corporation. The Xbox 360 version is an improved version than its previous version which is nothing but the Xbox. You can very well remember product as it has a very different appearance than any other console at that time. The box came with a big X shaped structure. But, the new device has a stylish design.


Users worldwide have complained about the red light problems of the Xbox 360. The Xbox 360 gets overheated very soon and pops up an error message on the screen. The error message that popped up carries a error code like E74. Also there are red lights glowing in the power ring area. The power ring is nothing but four LED lights surrounding the power button which are capable of glowing in Green, Red and sometimes also in Orange color too. These lights general carry the message like the device is working fine when green is on and the device is facing a problem when the red light is on. These indications are common when you buy any kind of electronic device.


Errors may occur whenever the console is experiencing a technical difficulty. Most of the errors can be solved easily as the error message may clearly tell you where the problem has aroused. For example, when the videogame is not properly connected to the T.V, an error occurs, when there is no DVD in the drive, an error occurs. Along with the error message a red light will be glowing in the power ring. The number of lights glowing will vary according to the type of error like one red light or two red light or three red light, etc. Such errors can be solved by the users very easily by looking into the user manual.

The Three Red Light Error is somewhat different from others as the problem is very complicated. The problem is found to be because of the overheating of the console due to long playing hours. The reason for the increase in temperature is due to the failure in the cooling system. Users have named the error as the “Red Ring of Death” or RRoD.


The problem can be easily solved by removing the X clamps of the heat sinks that are placed in the motherboard. By doing so, we will able to ample air circulation to cool the processors so that the temperature is reduced. There are some other ways to solve similar kind of problems. There are even video samples available in the internet to solve the red light error and they come with clear explanation how to proceed with repairing. This seems to be more economical when compared with that of giving it to a service centre and waiting for months. By repairing the consoles on your own you can save time and with one to two hours of time you can fix the console and you can start playing on the same day.

Removing X Clamps is just one way of repairing your console. There are certain other ways in which your consoles can be fixed. For example, red light error occurs even due to poor connections. You can fix this by making the connections in place. Your console may also be experiencing any small problems like this which do not required much expertise and time to fix the console. These techniques are also explained well in the repair videos.

Xbox 360 Repair Video Tutorials

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How to Mod an Xbox 360 Controller For Rapid Fire

The hottest thing surrounding the Xbox 360 is to mod your controller into a rapid fire. (Mod means modify aka modification for those of you who aren’t down with the lingo.) By either buying one of these Xbox 360 rapid fire controllers or soldering it together yourself, you will gain a huge advantage over competition, whether it be other players, your friends, or the computer. And more than that, it’s just plain fun.

So I’m going to try to describe how to mod your controller yourself, although words can only go so far in achieving this. At the very least it should give you a better idea of what the rapid fire really is. Remember, though, it’s probably much easier to just buy one from someone who does this stuff for a living rather than to learn all about the process.

The first step is the easiest: unscrew the back of the controller. I think you can handle that. We need to get at the insides because we’re going to mess around with the actual circuit board in there.

Next you’ve got to remove the circuit board so you can get behind it, on the back of the controller. You’re going to make a little 5mm hole in back of where the actual modification is going to take place. This will eventually be where your new button will come out of.

The next step in engineering Xbox 360 rapid fire controllers is to install the button. Of course, you’ll need a button to do this, but you will have already gotten that and the other accessories, right?

After that you’ve got to carefully solder the new wires into place. This is the part where the process can’t be explained anymore, and if you really want to do it yourself (DIY) then you’ll have to consult some jpeg’s or video. There’s documentation in this form out there somewhere.

The final step in building your Xbox 360 rapid fire controllers involves a somewhat complicated process of refastening the two halves while getting the button into place. The button has to be solid so it won’t bobble around or fall out or in. And after that all you’ve got to do is plug your new rapid fire controller in (if it’s wired) and start playing some good old Call of Duty 4. Don’t advertise the fact that you’re cheating a bit. Keep it on the DL or else you’ll gain a lot of haters and that can have adverse consequences.

For more information about rapid fire controllers, rapid fire mod kits and services at Adrienne Petersen’s website Modded Rapid Fire Xbox 360 Controllers.

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Do Your Wedding Flowers Have Texture?

Texture is something that can be seen and felt. When it is used in an arrangement, it creates visual interest. Even though you don’t go to a bouquet and feel it, when you look at it’s texture, your memory gives you a sensory reaction. For example, when you look at puffy white clouds you think of fluffy cotton balls. Clouds are actually masses of tiny water droplets, but when you look at them, you think of fluffy cotton balls.

We can refer to textures as being rough or smooth, shiny or dull, coarse or fine. Many people think only coarse or rough textures should be used in bouquets or arrangements to create a 3 dimensional appearance. If you use a variety of textures, however, you will be more successful creating depth and visual interest.

You can have texture on your container, your flowers and/or your foliage.


Hundreds of years ago, smooth, shiny textures were owned by the wealthy and rough, dull textures were for the poor or less fortunate. Because of this, smooth, shiny container surfaces (e.g. glass, brass, silver) are formal and elegant whereas rougher, coarser containers (e.g. baskets, terra cotta, unfinished wood) are more informal and casual. Whatever texture you choose for your container, make sure you harmonize it with the texture of your flowers and foliage. If the texture of your container does not blend in with the texture of your flowers, they will compete with each other and your overall design will be less pleasing.

Flowers and Foliage

All flowers and foliage have texture. Some may have more texture than others or the texture may be more obvious on one flower than another, but they all have their own texture. For example, a rose is velvety, an anthurium is shiny, and a protea is coarse and hairy.

Coarse textured flowers work very well as focal points in your arrangements. They also look their best in monochromatic bouquets. If the bouquet is all one color, the texture is easier to see because it does not need to compete with different colors.

When used effectively, texture can truly enhance your floral design. Remember to harmonize the textures of your flowers, foliage and container to create a unified look. This does not mean that all the textures have to be the same, but if you have too many textures, you will weaken your design.

Nadine Visscher has arranged flowers for more than 15 years and has written The Beginner’s Guide to Wedding Flowers found at http://www.WeddingFlowerDirections.com

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Learn How To Texture Your Precious Metal Clay

One of the best things about precious metal clay (Metal Clay and ACS or Art Clay Silver) is you can add texture easily to your creations. Before Pmc came along, the only possible way you might texture metal as a jewelry maker was to etch with chemicals, stamp with metal stamps, or utilise a dear rolling mill.

Metal Clay on the other hand is pretty similar to clay that potters use, so that you can create distinctive details, complicated designs, and shape and add texture to the metal while soft. Try doing that with metal sheet!

Be sure to keep in mind before you begin that metal clay is tacky and you want to use a release agent to whatever it touches. I really like to use an extremely thin coating of olive oil on my hands, work-area, and tools. Do not skip this! You will be terribly sorry and have a mess to wash up. Be certain not to use too much oil though because this may also mean an enormous mess.

These are some simple ways to add texture to precious metal clay while damp.

1. Rubberized Stamps

Rubber Stamps are readily available and come in a dazzling array of varieties these days. Art supply shops, scrapbooking stores, and also specialized rubber stamp providers abound.

2. Rubber and Silicone Texture Mats

Texture mats are available in really superb patterns, and because these sorts of mats are flexible, you’ll be able to press them around curved shapes.

3. Plastic Texture plates / Rubbing Plates

These are pretty inexpensive, and typically come with textures embossed on each side of the sheet. Just press the clay onto the sheet or vice versa.

4. Push Molds

There are some wonderful polymer clay push molds available, but as the majority are rigid, you will have problems getting your metal clay out of them. Be sure to use some olive oil or a product like Cool Slip to help the metal clay not stick to the mold. Permitting the metal clay to dry and reduce in size a bit is going to help liberate determined clay.

You can find flexible type push molds in candy and cake decorating supply merchants that are excellent tools also.

5. Repurposed Items

Found objects are the last word in inexpensive texturing tools! Coins, leaves, bark, driftwood, fabric, and textured wallpaper pieces will all do the job. Remember to apply some olive oil or some other release agent. Use your imagination and you’ll find lots of alternative textured objects you may make use of.

Toothpicks may also be employed to make dots, and scrape lines into the clay. If you’ll be able to find typewriter keys these can be employed to press letters and words into your clay. If you can’t find old typewriter keys, inexpensive metal letter stamps are available.

6. DIY Texturing Gear

I love to create my own texturing gear from polymer clay. To make your own, just do what I do, and form scrap polymer clay into a1 with a handle formed bit that pokes from the back. Make a pattern on the lumpy part. This will be the portion you press into the clay. I’ve made ones with crosshatch patterns, blossoms, polka dots, and small leaves. When you make a tool, just cure your new texturing tool according to the package instructions.

There are plenty of other ways to make your own texturing gear also. Be certain to take a look at my other articles for more recommendations.

As you can see, precious metal clay presents unlimited options for making textured jewelry, charms, pendants, beads, and findings. What are you making today?

Looking for metal clay, clay equipment, and texture plates? Have a look at my metal clay supply pages and posts at http://shop.how-to-make-jewelry.com/metal-clay-supplies/. On these pages you will find metal clay supplies and links for a variety of providers and stockists worldwide.

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Haniwa – China Stone Texture – Tileable Stone Texture Manufacturer

The origin of Haniwa
The origin of haniwa started during the latter part of the Yayoi Era around the Kingdom of Kibi. During this time special earthenware figurines and bowls started to appear on top of the tombs of leaders. The early sculptures exceeded 1 meter (3 feet) in length. They consisted of a cylindrical portion which represented the torso, and a skirt-shaped portion at the base, which represented the legs. Many times a special insignia or pattern would be displayed on the torso. Sometimes an obi would be placed around the torso portion of the sculpture. These sculptures are thought to have been used as part of a funeral ritual. Other than the Kibi area, the only other place these sculptures were found was in the Izumo province.
During the latter part of the 3rd century AD, these sculptures started to appear on top of the imperial grave mounds in the Kinai region. During this time more elaborate haniwa would appear along with earthenware bowls. It is believed that the movement of these sculptures and haniwa from the Kibi region to the Kinai region is indicative of an increase in the importance.
Later development of the Haniwa
During the earlier part of the Kofun period (latter 3rd century A.D.) the only earthenware haniwa were of the cylindrical variety; however, towards early 4th century AD, shield and other tool-shaped haniwa started to appear. Additionally, during the middle Kofun period (mid-5th century C.E.) shrine maiden, horse, dog and other animal-shaped haniwa were introduced. As the practice of having ceremonial burial mounds declined in the mid 6th century C.E., haniwa became rarer in the Kinai region; however, the haniwa were still made in abundance in the Kant region.
Significance of the Haniwa
Haniwa horse statuette, complete with saddle and stirrups, 6th century
Originally, the cylindrical type haniwa were set on top of the funeral mounds, so it is believed that they had a purpose in funeral rituals; however, as the haniwa became more developed, they were set towards the outside of the grave area, and it is thought that they were used as boundary markers to mark the borders of the gravesite.
There is a theory that the soul of the deceased would reside in the haniwa, as the earlier haniwa were placed on top of the funeral mounds. There are haniwa that are equipped with weapons and armor, and these are also thought to be containers for souls. The armor and weapons would serve the purpose of driving away evil spirits and protecting the buried ruler from calamity. Because the horse and animal shaped haniwa were normally neatly arranged into a line, it is believed that they were part of a sending-off ceremony.
The Haniwa in Modern Society
A Haniwa as most commonly depicted in modern-day popular culture
Although the religious implications of the Haniwa have largely declined in modern society, the sculptures are still prized by many for their aesthetic and historical significance; the works of Shojiro Ishibashi, for example, were heavily influenced by the Haniwa. They have been accepted as “Pure Art”, according to Time Magazine. Beyond simple appreciation as artistic sculptures, modern popular culture has, in some cases, even portrayed the Haniwa as containing an actual sentient entity and not just as a simple empty sculpture. The most common portrayal depicts the Haniwa with a rounded, pot-like shape, bearing two deep eyes, a wide mouth, and two featureless “arms” on opposite sides of the “pot”.
The portrayal of a living Haniwa hasince the late 1990secome widespread, being featured in trading cards, video games and television. However, as with many modern portrayals of ancient spiritual beliefs (such as the Banshee), the cultural aspect of the Haniwa is almost always overlooked. Instead, in many of the depictions, the Haniwa is primarily presented as a ghostlike, malevolent creature, without attempting to retain the historical aspect of the Haniwa’s religious nature.
Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Haniwa
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Styles of Japanese pottery and porcelain
Agano  Bizen  Dog  Hagi  Haji  Haniwa  Imari  Jmon Pottery  Kakiemon  Karatsu  Kutani  Mino (also Oribe)  Nerikomi  Onda  tani  Raku  Ryumonji  Satsuma  Seto  Shigaraki  Shino  Sma  Sue  Takitori  Tamba  Tobe  Tokoname  Yokkaichi-Banko
See also: Kintsugi  Shino (glaze)  Tenmoku
Categories: Archaeology of Japan | Japanese pottery | Archaeology of death | Kofun period | Japanese traditional dollsHidden categories: Articles lacking sources from August 2008 | All articles lacking sources

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Aum Namah Shivaya – Mosaic Texture Manufacturer – China Corrugation Texture

The Aum namah ivya mantra written in Devanagari
Aum Nama ivya (IAST transliteration, refer to Sanskrit for pronunciation, Devanagari: , Kannada: , Malayalam: , Tamil: , Telugu: , Bengali: , Gujarati: , Punjabi: ) is among the foremost mantras. Its general translation is “adoration (namas) to iva”, preceded by the mystical syllable Aum. It is called Panchakshara, or “having five syllables”. aivite mystics hold that within its celestial tones and hues resides all of the intuitive knowledge of aivism. The Aum namah ivya mantra appears for the first time, still without the Aum, in a traditional Vedic prayer to Rudra called ri Rudram (Rudra is considered an earlier aspect and name of Lord iva). In this context, iva retains its original meaning as an adjective meaning “auspicious, benign, friendly”, a euphemistic epithet of Rudra.
A Hindu aivite view
The meaning of the Nama ivya mantra was explained by Satguru Sivaya Subramuniyaswami:
Nama ivya is the most holy name of God iva, recorded at the very center of the Vedas and elaborated in the aiva Agamas.
Na is the Lord’s concealing grace, Ma is the world, i stands for iva, Va is His revealing grace, Ya is the soul. The five elements, too, are embodied in this ancient formula for invocation. Na is earth, Ma is water, i is fire, V is air, and Ya is ether, or ka. Many are its meanings.
Nama ivaya has such power, the mere intonation of these syllables reaps its own reward in salvaging the soul from bondage of the treacherous instinctive mind and the steel bands of a perfected externalized intellect. Nama ivya quells the instinct, cuts through the steel bands and turns this intellect within and on itself, to face itself and see its ignorance. Sages declare that mantra is life, that mantra is action, that mantra is love and that the repetition of mantra, japa, bursts forth wisdom from within.
The holy Natchintanai proclaims, “Nama ivya is in truth both gama and Veda. Namah ivya represents all mantras and tantras. Nama ivaya is our souls, our bodies and possessions. Nama ivya has become our sure protection.”
atguru Sivaya Subramuniyaswami[citation needed]
The book The Ancient Power of Sanskrit Mantra and Ceremony, Volume I defines Om Namah Shivaya as:
“This mantra has no approximate translation. The sounds related directly to the principles which govern each of the first six chakras on the spine…Earth, water, fire, air, ether. Notice that this does not refer to the chakras themselves which have a different set of seed sounds, but rather the principles which govern those chakras in their place. A very rough, non-literal translation could be something like, ‘Om and salutations to that which I am capable of becoming.’ This mantra will start one out on the path of subtle development of spiritual attainments. It is the beginning on the path of Siddha Yoga, or the Yoga of Perfection of the Divine Vehicle.”
“Na” refers to the Gross Body (annamayakosa), “Ma” refers to Pranic Body (pranamayakosa), “Shi” or “Chi” refers to Mental Body (manonmayakosa), “Va” refers to Intellectual Body (vignanamayakosa) and “Ya” refers to Blissful Body (anandamayakosa) and “M” or the “silence” beyond these syllables refers to the Soul or Life within.
Additional Notes
Adi Shankaracharya says that the name “Shiva” means “the one who purifies the one that repeats His name.”
The Universe is said to be made up of vibrations. Vibrations give rise to form. As the name “Rama” gives rise to the form of Rama, similarly, the name “Shiva, in Aum Namah Shivaya” gives rise to the form of Shiva (Maheshwara). (Sivananda)
Nama Shivaya is called Panchakshari (5 syllable mantra) whilst Aum Namah Shivaya is called Sadakshari (6 syllabled mantra). Namah Shivaya is recommended to be chanted by householders, whereas the prefix “Aum” is added to the mantra by those who have renounced the world. However, according to Sivananda, Aum Nama Shivaya is also alright for practise by worldly people, as gradual repetition makes the mind proceed from the gross to the subtle.
Upamanyu said that if you practise this mantra enough so that it vibrates continuously in your heart, then you don’t need to do any yoga or further practises like pranayam.
Brahmamuhurta, or the time at around 4 o’clock in the morning is the peak optimum time for spiritual practises like japa because at that time the whole world is asleep and the mind is like a blank sheet of paper on which any impressions to be made last long.
Variations of Panchakshari:
Namah Shivaya
Namaha Shiva
Shivaya Shiva
Shivaya Namah
Shiva Shambo
See also
Shri Rudram Chamakam
Mahamrityunjaya Mantra
Categories: Hindu worship | Shaivism | Hindu mantrasHidden categories: All articles with unsourced statements | Articles with unsourced statements from August 2008

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